Some of the best scientists, doctors and biologists in the world were Italian. From Galileo Galilei to Claudius Galen, Marcello Malpighi and Lazzaro Spallanzani, biology and medicine have always played an important role in Italy. Now, you get a chance to visit the roots of medicine and biology , starting in Florence and then moving to Pisa, Lucca, Bologna and Padua.
The best example on the rapid development of the Italians in terms of architecture is the Leaning Tower in Pisa which is one of the first stops of this tour. You will get a chance to make an iconic photo of you holding the tower, after which you will visit the iconic town of Lucca and enjoy a breathtaking view over the rooftops. The wonderful experiences continue when you visit Bologna and the house of the Michelangelo family as well as the oldest university in Italy and the Museo di Palazzo Poggi.
For the end, you will have a chance to sit in the classrooms in Padua where Galileo once lectured and see how well developed them medicine and alchemy were at those times.
DAY 01: Florence Arrival | Welcome to Italy! Upon arrival at Florence airport please proceed through the Passport Control and collect your luggage inside the customs area. Just outside this area meet your driver who will transfer you to your Hotel in central Florence. The rest of the day is at leisure. Overnight in Florence.
DAY 02: Florence | Breakfast at the Hotel. Today's Private Guided Tour will include a visit to the Natural History Museum, ‘La Specola’. The oldest scientific museum in Europe, it also houses an excellent anatomical section. Lunch in a characteristic local Florentine restaurant. In the afternoon visit the Museo del Bigallo, a 14th-century orphanage. Overnight in Florence.
DAY 03: Pisa and Lucca Private Guided Tour| Breakfast at the Hotel. In the High Middle Ages Pisa was one of the most powerful maritime city-states in the Mediterranean, the rival of Venice and Genoa, deriving great wealth from its trade with the Levant. The ‘Campo dei Miracoli’ is a magnificent Romanesque ensemble of cathedral, monumental burial ground, campanile (‘Leaning Tower’) and baptistery. The ‘Campo Santo’, for centuries the burial place of the Pisan upper classes, was built using earth brought back from Golgotha during the crusades and has frescoes depicting death. Lunch at leisure. In the afternoon visit Lucca. In Lucca, famous for its still intact walls with huge gates and ramparts, your Tour Guide will lead you to the enchanting old town centre walking along a section of the walls and enjoying a breathtaking view over the rooftops. Then you are free to admire the main attractions of the city we recommend Anfiteatro Square, Guinigi Tower, San Martino Cathedral and stroll along the picturesque streets of antique shops. Late afternoon return to Florence. Overnight in Florence.
DAY 04: Florence Private Guided Tour - Bologna Private Transfer | Breakfast at the Hotel. See the Ospedale degli Innocenti, a children’s orphanage designed by Brunelleschi, before visiting Casa Buonarotti, house of Michelangelo’s family, which has models revealing his unprecedented knowledge of anatomy. Lunch at leisure on the Piazzale Michelangelo before a visit to San Miniato al Monte, the Romanesque abbey church with panoramic views of the city. Some free time. Leave Florence for Bologna. Overnight in Bologna.
DAY 05: Bologna Private Tour | Breakfast at the Hotel. The Archiginnasio has an eighteenth-century anatomical theatre and écorché figures by Lelli. At the oldest university in Italy visit the Museo di Palazzo Poggi, which has sections devoted to obstetrics and anatomical waxworks. The museum of mediaeval art is housed in a Renaissance palace, notable for tomb reliefs depicting university lectures of the period. Lunch and afternoon at leisure. Overnight in Bologna.
DAY 06: Padua Private Tour | Breakfast at the Hotel. A full-day excursion to Padua, an important university city where Galileo once lectured. In the university itself, items include Galileo’s chair, William Harvey’s emblem and, above all, the sixteenth-century Anatomical Theatre, the oldest in the world. The Palazzo Ragione has representations of early alchemy and medicine, and frescoes that make up one of the largest existing astrological cycles. Overnight in Bologna.
DAY 07: Bologna | Breakfast at the Hotel. Transfer to Bologna Airport for your flight back home.
- 3 nights in Florence
- 3 nights Bologna
- Private excursions by
car and English speaking driver as per program
- Details up on request
Prices in Euro
4* Boutique Hotels
€4785 per person